serenade

[17] A serenade is strictly a ‘song sung in the evening’, but in fact historically it has nothing to do with ‘night’ – etymologically it is a ‘serene’ piece of music. The word comes via French sérénade from Italian serenata, a derivative of sereno ‘serene’. The notion of a serenata as a piece of ‘night’ music arose through association with sera ‘evening’ (a relative of French soir ‘evening’, from which English gets soirée [19]). Italian sereno came from Latin serēnus ‘bright, clear’, which also produced English serene [16]. => SERENE serendipity 448
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   The term properly applies to music performed at night in the open air, as typically by a lover to a loved one. Its origin is ultimately in Latin serenus, 'calm' (English serene), but the meaning has been influenced by Italian sera, 'evening.'

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sérénade — [ serenad ] n. f. • 1556; it. serenata, d ab. « belle nuit », du lat. serenus → 1. serein 1 ♦ Concert, chant exécuté la nuit sous les fenêtres de qqn qu on voulait honorer ou divertir (et spécialt une femme aimée). L aubade et la sérénade. ♢… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Serenade — Sf (Konzertveranstaltung mit) Komposition(en) aus etwa fünf Sätzen für kleines Orchester per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. sérénade, dieses aus it. serenata, einer Ableitung von it. sereno heiter , aus l. serēnus. Zum… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • serenade — Serenade. s. f. Musique de voix, d instruments, que l on donne aux Dames le soir, la nuit, dans la ruë sous des fenestres. Il donna une serenade avec les vingt quatre violons, la serenade fut troublée, la serenade reüssit bien …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • serenade — 1640s, musical performance at night in open air (esp. one given by a lover under the window of his lady), from Fr. sérénade, from It. serenata an evening song, lit. calm sky, from sereno the open air, noun use of sereno clear, calm, from L.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • serenade — [ser΄ə nād′] n. [Fr sérénade < It serenata < sereno, serene, open air < L serenus, clear, SERENE; meaning infl. by assoc. with L sera, evening < serus, late] 1. a singing or playing of music outdoors at night, esp. by a lover under… …   English World dictionary

  • Serenade — Ser e*nade , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Serenaded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Serenading}.] To entertain with a serenade. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Serenade — Ser e*nade , v. i. To perform a serenade. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Serenade — нем. [сэрэна/дэ], англ. [сэринэ/йд] sérénade фр. [сэрэна/д] serenata ит. [сэрэна/та] серенада …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • Serenade — »Abendmusik; Ständchen«: Der musikalische Fachausdruck wurde im 17. Jh. über entsprechend frz. sérénade aus gleichbed. it. serenata entlehnt. Das it. Wort, das zu it. sereno »heiter« (lat. serenus), serenare »aufheitern« gehört, bedeutet… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • serenade — ► NOUN ▪ a piece of music sung or played in the open air at night, especially by a man under the window of his beloved. ► VERB ▪ entertain with a serenade. DERIVATIVES serenader noun. ORIGIN Italian serenata, from sereno serene …   English terms dictionary

  • Serenade — Ser e*nade , n. [F. s[ e]r[ e]nade, It. serenata, probably fr. L. serenus serene (cf. {Serene}), misunderstood as a derivative fr. L. serus late. Cf. {Soir[ e]e}.] (Mus.) (a) Music sung or performed in the open air at nights; usually applied to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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